The programming languages Java Leech and frameworks trend for 2016 seems to be heading more front-end development than back-end development. Below is just a simplified list of what you should note and consider improving your knowledge on.
Languages and Platforms
Python 3.5 was released in 2015 with some juicy features like Asyncio. Nearly all libraries are available for Python 3, so it might be a good time to upgrade your legacy codebase now. Node.js has the largest ecosystem of open source libraries in the world. Node.js is always a good study choice and, with its long-term support release, provides added stability from now on. LinkedIn and Walmart use some aspects of Node.js on their websites.
Swift 2 was released earlier this year, and it’s growing rapidly (it’s the fastest-growing programming language in history!). It’s open-source and has already been ported on Linux, which means that it is now possible to build backends and server-side software. It’s built by Apple (not the granny smith apple), and they have big plans for it, so it would be good to note it as the popularity grows.
HTML5 is last and certainly not the least. It’s the one you need to watch out for! YouTube switched from Flash to HTML5 this year, and Adobe Animate’s exports now default to HTML5. It’s also one of the fastest-growing job trends on indeed.com, which shows its popularity. HTML5 is probably one of the best long-term languages to study within the next 3 years. Some sites that use HTML5 are Ford, Peugeot, and Lacoste – they are really cool.
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Frontend Frameworks (CSS Frameworks)
These complete frameworks offer icons and other reusable components for navigation, sets of forms, styled-typography, buttons, popovers, alerts, and more. It’s quite easy to learn, and it comes with some neat extensions and examples too. Bootstrap became very popular in 2015, and this popularity is only going to increase in 2016 as it is turning into a web development standard. Version 4 is coming out soon, and it will integrate with SASS.,
Foundation is an alternative to Bootstrap. In 2015 they launched Version 6, which focuses on modularity only includes the pieces you need for a faster loading time, and it’s also built with SASS. Skeleton is a sexy (there’s no other word to explain it) boilerplate for responsive, mobile-friendly development. Skeleton is a small collection of CSS files that help you develop sites quickly and beautifully that look incredible on all screen sizes.
Backend frameworks or application layers are the ‘brain’ of the website. It’s how the website operates and the logic behind it. You are developing the ‘brain’ whereas, in Frontend, you create the ‘face.’ Depending on which language you prefer, there are plenty of choices. Below is a list of a few languages with some of their frameworks:
PHP: Symfony, Zend, Laravel, Slim, Codeigniter, and CakePHP
Node.js: Express, Hapi, Sails.js, and Total.js
Ruby: Rails and Sinatra
Java: Play, Spring and Spark
Python: Django and Flask
Frameworks can be beneficial, but it doesn’t necessarily mean that they will be useful. Ultimately, it is the developer’s decision on whether or not to use a framework. This will depend on several factors depending on what you want to achieve. Go through each framework and see if it aligns with what you want to achieve before utilizing it.
CMS (Content Management Systems)
This article wouldn’t be complete without mentioning 2 popular CMSs like WordPress and Drupal. Both are written in PHP, and with the new PHP 7 release, it’s even faster. WordPress has evolved from a dry blogging CMS to a fully-fledged CMS/Framework with plugins that make almost anything possible. Thousands of developers make a living as WordPress developers by creating premium themes or plugins. You can also use WordPress as a REST API backend.
Drupal 8 was released in 2015. It makes use of Symfony 2, Composer packages, and the Twig templating engine. A few websites run on Drupal are Johnson & Johnson, BBC Store, and World Economic Forum. Drupal is ideal for content-heavy websites. If you are in doubt about what to spend time studying in 2016, we’ve made a list of 5 frameworks we believe you should invest your time in:
Ruby on Rails
As a 6th recommendation, we recommend adding Git to your list of what to learn in 2016. It’s growing like crazy, and it’s only going to grow in popularity. Companies like Google, Facebook, Microsoft, Twitter, and LinkedIn make use of Git. This is just a summary of programming languages and frameworks we think you should learn in 2016. Of course, there are hundreds of other languages and frameworks out there, but I hope this was of value to you.