Programming Languages and Frameworks You Should Learn In 2016

The programming languages Java Leech and frameworks trend for 2016 seems to be heading more toward frontend development than backend development. Below is a simplified list of what you should note and consider improving your knowledge.

Languages and Platforms

PHP 7 is the latest version of PHP. Big websites like Facebook, Google, and Apple use PHP. PHP 7 is also two times faster than the previous version, 5.6 – this will greatly improve CMS systems like WordPress and Drupal. JavaScript also has a new update called ES2015 (previously ES5). Some incredible JavaScript sites are Lost Worlds Fairs and Cascade Brewery Co.

Python 3.5 was released in 2015 with some juicy features like Asyncio. Nearly all libraries are available for Python 3, so it might be a good time to upgrade your legacy codebase. Node.js has the largest ecosystem of open-source libraries in the world. Node.js is always a good study choice and, with its long-term support release, provides added stability from now on. LinkedIn and Walmart use some aspects of Node.js on their websites.

Swift 2 was released earlier this year, and it’s growing rapidly (it’s the fastest-growing programming language in history!). It’s open-source and has already been ported to Linux, so it can now build backends and server-side software. It’s made by Apple (not the granny Smith apple), and they have big plans for it, so it would be good to note it as its popularity grows.

HTML5 is last and certainly not the least. It’s the one you need to watch out for! YouTube switched from Flash to HTML5 this year, and Adobe Animate’s exports now default to HTML5. It’s also one of the fastest-growing job trends on, which shows its popularity. HTML5 is probably one of the best long-term languages to study within the next three years. Some sites that use HTML5 are Ford, Peugeot, and Lacoste – they are cool.



Frontend Frameworks (CSS Frameworks)

These complete frameworks offer icons and other reusable components for navigation, sets of forms, styled typography, buttons, popovers, alerts, and more. It’s quite easy to learn and comes with some neat extensions and examples. Bootstrap became very popular in 2015, which will only increase in 2016 as it becomes a web development standard. Version 4 is coming out soon, and it will integrate with SASS.,

The foundation is an alternative to Bootstrap. In 2015 they launched Version 6, which focuses on modularity and only includes the pieces you need for a faster loading time, and it’s also built with SASS. Skeleton is a sexy (there’s no other word to explain it) boilerplate for responsive, mobile-friendly development. The structure is a small collection of CSS files that help you develop sites quickly and beautifully that look incredible on all screen sizes.

Backend Frameworks

Backend frameworks or application layers are the ‘brain’ of the website. It’s how the website operates and the logic behind it. You are developing the ‘brain’ whereas, in Frontend, you create the ‘face.’ Depending on which language you prefer, there are plenty of choices. Below is a list of a few languages with some of their frameworks:

PHP: Symfony, Zend, Laravel, Slim, Codeigniter, and CakePHP
Node.js: Express, Hapi, Sails.js, and Total.js
JavaScript: Angular.js, Vue.js, Polymer, React and Ember.js
Ruby: Rails and Sinatra
Java: Play, Spring, and Spark
Python: Django and Flask

Frameworks can be beneficial, but it doesn’t necessarily mean they will be useful. Ultimately, it is the developer’s decision on whether or not to use a framework. This will depend on several factors depending on what you want to achieve. Before utilizing each framework, see if it aligns with your goals.

CMS (Content Management Systems)

This article wouldn’t be complete without mentioning two popular CMSs like, WordPress and Drupal. Both are written in PHP, and it’s even faster with the new PHP 7 release. WordPress has evolved from a dry blogging CMS to a fully-fledged CMS/Framework with plugins that make almost anything possible. Thousands of developers make a living as WordPress developers by creating premium themes or plugins. You can also use WordPress as a REST API backend.

Drupal 8 was released in 2015. It uses Symfony 2, Composer packages, and the Twig templating engine. A few websites run on Drupal are Johnson & Johnson, BBC Store, and World Economic Forum. Drupal is ideal for content-heavy websites. If you are in doubt about what to spend time studying in 2016, we’ve made a list of 5 frameworks we believe you should invest your time:

Ruby on Rails

As a 6th recommendation, we recommend adding Git to your list of what to learn in 2016. It’s growing like crazy, and it’s only going to grow in popularity. Companies like Google, Facebook, Microsoft, Twitter, and LinkedIn use Git. This is just a summary of programming languages and frameworks we think you should learn in 2016. Of course, hundreds of other languages and frameworks are out there, but I hope this was of value to you.